Most new technologies die out after the buzz about them has had its days of success or invincibility. One such example may be Cobol, which stirred the world and then hummed itself back to sleep. Java, however, has been designed to stand the abrasive sands of time, keeping in view not only what is happening in the tech world, but also what can possibly happen in the future. And, even though two decades have passed since its introduction, studies suggest that it is still a competitive programming medium, gloriously defying Obejctive-C, Node.js, Go, Dart and more.
The reason behind this could be that Java has always looked at the bigger picture, supporting the basic building blocks of several technological platforms, helping them run efficiently, portably and smoothly. Here are some factors that contribute to its predominance.
Competitors always somehow boycotted Java instead of joining hands with it. A few instances include Microsoft considering Java a peril towards the MS-DOS unity, Apple refusing to bring in Java in spite of its popularity, and IBM naming its IDE "Eclipse". But, Java survived and flourished through disregard, attacks on reputation, and mistakes by its owners themselves.
Java has kept its magic alive through easy juggling among threads. Its virtual machine endures hundreds of threads simultaneously, running smoothly on multi core systems. This makes other programming platforms introduce cross-compilers so that they can use JVM. Although Ruby provides simpler coding, coders go for JRuby, a version emulating it in Java, for employing its high performance.
Java is the first advanced programming languages that students learn, and its concepts live in their minds forever. When they learn a new language, they compare its syntax and notions with Java for a better understanding. Java lessons learned in school shape their problem-solving skills. Its use as the first language can be attributed to the habit of using curly braces and data types, building stronger concepts.
Java has been the most loved due to its cross-platform functionality. Even though with simple and silly mistakes such as forgetting a library or using the wrong version can cause a software to crash, Sun and Oracle have put in great efforts to make it as compatible for different platforms as possible. With sufficient storage, the right versions and import of needed libraries, a Java code always runs.
Even though Java is not so popular on the desktop, it has found success with mobile applications. Android mobiles, outselling iPhones, are built completely on Java. A slimmer version of the virtual machine, Java ME, formerly featured on feature phones, used all over the world.
Although the inherent intention of Sun was to dominate set-top boxes with Java, it rather found adobe in the Blu-ray standard. The version of Java compiler is a must for any additions made to a Blu-ray disk. Addition of Java code to Blu-ray can expand functionality and features far beyond simple videos.
However frequently curly braces are disparaged by coders using Python, Ruby, Coffee Script and the like, you just cannot beat the comfortable and intuit understandability provided by Java's good old curly brackets. It steals away the hard work of counting indentations in a complex code.
The facility of using Groovy makes programming in Java all the easier and more fun. For a simpler syntax and dynamic typing, Groovy produces Java byte code. This platform's absolute integration with Java lets you mix the whole deal up, with in-between calls to Java libraries. This way, programmers can focus more on problem solving, and less on coding.
While the original purpose of JVM was to run the static-scoped code produced by a Javac compiler, it was soon realized that it can run other code just as well. JVM can run any language compiled into a Java byte code. More and more popular languages now avail a compiler for conversion to Java byte code for benefitting from this openly available resource.
Most of the NoSQL code is programmed in Java. NoSQL brought about a revolution in database management by enabling coders to create databases and handle them as they like, not just access them out of a black box. Most NoSQL tools are open-source and integration-friendly. The availability of NoSQL surely makes databases simpler for Java programmers.
While Sun was hesitant to open Java totally, Java developers made leaps and bounds in producing open-source libraries and projects ready for others. The Apache project has delivered great Java code open for use for a considerable amount of time.
These and numerous other reasons make a Java an inherently advantageous and loved programming language which in all probabilities will linger around for the coming decades.